TRANS-ORBITAL SONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF OPTIC NERVE DIAMETER IN A SAMPLED NIGERIAN POPULATION

BENJAMIN E. UDOH, SAMSON O. PAULINUS, SAMSON O. PAULINUS, SAMUEL A. EFANGA, SAMUEL A. EFANGA, GABRIEL U. UDO-AFFAH, GABRIEL U. UDO-AFFAH, ITORO EFANGA, ITORO EFANGA, EKAETE V. UKPONG, EKAETE V. UKPONG

Abstract


Background: Studies have reported variants in the dimensions of optic nerve diameter among different ethnic groups, just as other body anatomy differs from regions to regions.
Aim: To establish normal range of optic nerve diameter in a sampled Nigerian population, sonographically.
Materials and Method: A total of 725 apparently healthy adult subjects (362 males aged 32 to 65 years and 363 females aged 30 to 68 years) were recruited from the South South and South Eastern parts of Nigeria for this prospective descriptive study. The optic nerve diameter (OND) was measured using a high-resolution digital dedicated small-parts real time ultrasound machine (Sonoace 5500; Medicol, Medison, Miami, FL, USA) with a high frequency (10-MHz) linear array transducer. Subjects were in supine position and were asked to keep their eyes closed and still. Coupling gel was placed on the closed eye lid with the transducer softly placed over the upper temporal eyelid in an axial plane. The OND was measured perpendicular to the vertical axis of the scanning plane as a horizontal distance between the two walls of the nerve sheath. The height and weight of the subjects were determined using a meter rule and a weighing scale.
Results: The mean optic nerve sheath diameter of males and females was 4.2 ± 0.13 mm. It ranged from 4.0 to 4.45 mm. The optic nerve sheath diameter of males was not significantly different from that of females (p = 0.345). No significant difference between the mean OND of both eyes (p = 0.345). Body mass index and age did not have any association with OND (r = 0.017, 0.034), the data were normally distributed.
Conclusion: Optic nerve diameter of apparently normal Nigerian adults ranges from 4.0 to 4.5 mm. Values outside this range may demand further evaluation in the study population.


Keywords


Optic nerve diameter, Trans-orbital, Ultrasonography.

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.