GEOCHEMISTRY EVOLUTION OF SCHISTS OF NORTHWEST OBUDU AREA SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA
Geochemistry of schists of Obudu area was carried out using ICP-MS and ICP-ES techniques in order to determine the geochemical evolution of the area. 40 samples were analyzed for their major, trace and REE composition. Field mapping revealed that gneisses, amphibolites and schists comprising migmatitic schists (MS), quartz-mica schists (QMS), garnet-mica schists (GMS), and hornblende biotite schists (HBS), intruded by granites, granodiorites, quartzo-feldspathic rocks and dolerites occur in the area. Structural studies revealed that the schists trend approximately NE–SW (5 – 30o) indicating the Pan-African event. Modal analysis revealed that the schists have average concentration of quartz (15vol.%), plagioclase (An45-19 vol.%), biotite (15vol.%), garnet (9.0vol.%) and muscovite (6vol.%), the remaining consists of accessory minerals. Geochemistry showed that all the schists have molecular Al2O3 > CaO+K2O+Na2O, indicating they are peraluminous metasedimentary pelites. Trace and REE element results show that all the analyzed schist samples are depleted in Hg, Ag, Be, Bi, and Sb below < 1.0ppm, but relatively enriched in Ba, Sr and Zr with average concentration of 996, 675.73, 243.13 ppm respective. The HREE are depleted with ΣHREE < 10.2, but the LREE are relatively enriched with ΣLREE > 289.54. The ΣLREE/ΣHREE ratio ranges from 9.17 to 33.4, with a large positive delta V at Eu. These findings indicate that the schists of Northwest Obudu area are highly fractionated and had attained at least the uppermost amphibolite metamorphic grade. The schists had contributed to the development of the Pan-African continent.
Evolution, Petrology, Geochemistry, Obudu area, Trace and REE Elements.
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